Adaptation

Adaptation is the priority of the Government of Kenya to enable people to cope with and take advantage of the opportunities presented by climate change. Adaptation involves taking practical actions to manage risks, reduce vulnerabilities of communities and strengthen the resilience of the economy against the impacts of a changing climate. The following examples demonstrate Government of Kenya and partner actions to implement NCCAP priorities.

Integrated Programme to Build Resilience to Climate Change and Adaptive Capacity of Vulnerable Communities in Kenya: builds resilience to climate change and adaptive capacity of vulnerable communities in Kenya, with a focus on food security, water management, coastal ecosystem management, and environmental management. Partners: NEMA (NIE), UNFCCC Adaptation Fund

Galana/Kulalu Food Security Project: aims to develop 500,000 acres of irrigated land. Phase 1 will establish a 10,000 acre model farm to demonstrate water efficient technologies. Partners: Ministry of Water and Irrigation, National Irrigation Board

Kenya: Adaptation to Climate Change in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands Phase 2: strengthens climate risk management and natural resource base related knowledge; builds institutional and technical capacity for improved planning and coordination to manage current and future climate risks; and invests in communities’ priorities in sustainable land and water management and alternative livelihoods that help them adapt to climate risk. Partners: MOPD, UNFCCC Special Climate Change Fund administered by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

Ending Drought Emergencies: the Common Programme Framework operationalises a commitment to end drought emergencies by 2022 through a collaborative approach across sectors, counties, and development partners. NDMA leads efforts and establishes mechanisms such as the National Drought Contingency Fund which is guided by contingency planning and early warning systems. Partners: NDMA, MODP, Development Partners

Kenya Water Security and Climate Resilience Project: increases availability and productivity of irrigation water and builds capacity of water sector institutions, including integrated and particularity basin planning. Partners: MENRRDA, World Bank

Coastal Region Water Security and Climate Resilience Project: increases water supply to Mombasa County through construction of dams; and increases access to water and sanitation in Kwale County through investments in water, sanitation and irrigation. Partners: MENRRDA, World Bank

Low Emission and Climate Resilient Development (LECRD) Project: focuses on climate change coordination processes, access to clean and efficient energy systems, greenhouse gas inventory; national and county decision-making tools for climate change, and climate knowledge management and capacity. Partners: MENRRDA, United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-UNDP

Water Towers Protection and Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation: identifies and develops integrated management plans for ecological and economical sustainable land use systems in the watershed systems that feed into lakes Victoria, Turkana and Baringo. Partners: MENRRDA, County Governments, USAID-UNDP through the LECRD project Kenya Integrated Climate Risk Management Project: builds national and sectoral capacity for climate analysis that informs effective use of disaster risk reduction and adaptation resources. Partners: NDMA, Government of Sweden Arid Lands Support Programme: improves the coping strategies of over 500,000 of the poorest people in Turkana, Wajir, Mandera and Marsabit counties by providing support during drought and livestock insurance. Partners: Boma, Oxfam, Trocaire, Government of United Kingdom (UK)

Implementing a Resilience Framework to Support Climate Change Adaptation in the Mt. Elgon Region of the Lake Victoria Basin Project: improves scientific knowledge of climate change information and demonstrates increased social and ecological resilience to address climate vulnerability in the Mt. Elgon water tower. Partners: International Union for Conservation of Nature, African Collaborative Centre for Earth Systems Science, Lake Victoria Basin Commission, USAID

Climate Smart Agriculture Loan Programme: provides funding to microfinance institutions for onlending to farmers to invest in commodities and resources that will increase their resilience to climate change. Focus is dairy, indigenous chicken, cassava and sorghum in the high productive zones. Partners: DAI-Matrix Development Consultants-International Institute for Sustainable Development Consortium, UK Government through the StARCK+ Programme.

ACT! Changieni Rasilimali facility: promotes improved participation and governance with non-state actors for natural resource management and climate change interventions. Partners: Act, Change, Transform (ACT!), Governments of Sweden and the UK

East Africa Breweries Ltd: partners with Kenya Agricultural Research Institute to undertake research on sorghum, which is drought resistant and used in the production of low-cost beer; and to produce and certify seeds to farmers. The farmers also benefit from a weather-indexed insurance. Partners: East Africa Breweries, Kenya Agricultural Research Institute, Jubilee Insurance, European Cooperative for Rural Development

Kenya Tea Development Agency: works to increase the climate resilience of its farmers and address energy options for factory processes. In collaboration with the Tea Research Foundation of Kenya, has developed new drought-tolerant, high yielding tea varieties. The agency has developed four mini-hydro plants that will reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Partners: MALF, Kenya Tea Development Agency, Tea Research Foundation of Kenya, Rainforest Alliance, Ethical Tea Partnership, Food and Agriculture Organization

ACRE: provides an innovative weather-based index insurance product that covers farmer’s input in the event of drought or excessive rainfall. This public-private sector initiative collects rainfall data, processes the information and administers payments through a mobile platform. Partners: Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture, UAP Insurance, Safaricom and Kenya Meteorological Department

Crop Insurance Framework: based on Area Yield Index Insurance, the crop insurance framework benefits rural smallholder farmers in three counties (Embu, Bungoma and Nakuru), and will be launched nationally in early 2016. Partners: MALF, MENRRDA, USAID-UNDP through the LECRD project, World Bank